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The shipping lines that serve the Port of Hodeidah 

Shipping lines that ship to the port of Hodeidah
  • The shipping lines that serve the Port of Hodeidah are :

  • 1. Maersk Line: Maersk Line is one of the largest shipping companies in the world and provides shipping services to a wide range of ports, including the Port of Hodeidah.

  • 2. MSC (Mediterranean Shipping Company): MSC is also one of the world's largest shipping companies and offers shipping services to numerous ports worldwide, including the Port of Hodeidah.

  • 3. CMA CGM: CMA CGM is a leading French shipping company with a wide range of services that cover various global ports, including the Port of Hodeidah.

  • 4. COSCO Shipping: COSCO Shipping is a leading Chinese shipping company and one of the largest in the world. It provides shipping services to many ports, including the Port of Hodeidah.

  • 5. PIL (Pacific International Lines): PIL is a Singaporean shipping company that operates globally. It offers shipping services to various ports, including the Port of Hodeidah.

What are the costs incurred upon the arrival of containers at the discharge port?

What are the costs that are paid when the containers arrive at the unloading port?
  • What are the costs incurred upon the arrival of containers at the discharge port?

  • Upon the arrival of containers at the discharge port, there are several costs that may be incurred. These costs can vary depending on the country, port, contract terms, and required services. However, here are some common costs that may be incurred:

  • 1. Wharfage Charges: The port authority imposes charges for the use of port facilities and infrastructure. These charges vary depending on the container size and the type of cargo it contains.

  • 2. Unloading Charges: The cost of removing containers from the ship and unloading them onto the port's docks.

  • 3. Inspection and Survey Charges: The costs of inspecting and surveying containers to ensure their safety and compliance with specified standards and conditions.

  • 4. Storage Charges: The cost of storing containers within the port after discharge if they are not immediately taken.

  • 5. Customs Duties and Taxes: The costs of customs duties and taxes imposed on imported containers and goods, which must be paid to the customs authorities.

  • 6. Inland Transportation Costs: The cost of transporting containers from the port to their final destination, whether by road, rail, or other inland transportation methods.

  • 7. Other Fees: Additional fees may be imposed, such as clearance fees, examination fees, insurance fees, and toll fees.

  • How to pay the costs:

  • Typically, the costs are paid upon arrival at the port and can be paid in cash, by checks, or through bank transfers.

  • Factors affecting the costs:

         Several factors affect the costs incurred upon the arrival of containers at the discharge port, including:

  • - Container size: Larger containers generally incur higher costs.

 

  • - Storage duration: The longer the storage period, the higher the cost.

 

  • - Type of goods: The cost of clearing certain types of goods differs. For example, the cost of clearing containers containing hazardous materials may be higher than the cost of clearing containers containing non-hazardous materials.

  • Tips to reduce costs:

  • Importers or shippers can take steps to reduce the costs incurred upon the arrival of containers at the discharge port, including:

  • Pre-booking: Pre-booking can help obtain better rates for fees.

 

  • Using handling companies that offer competitive quotes.

  • Shipping in large quantities: Shipping in large quantities can help reduce unloading costs.

  •  Choosing an experienced shipping agent: A shipping agent can help negotiate the best rates for fees.

What is meant by SPOT in shipping?

What is meant by spot
  • What is meant by SPOT in shipping?

  • In the field of shipping, the term "SPOT" refers to the immediate and short-term shipment of goods or products.

 

  • It denotes services that allow companies to directly book immediate shipping space on ships, airplanes, or other modes of transportation in real-time.

 

  • SPOT is a system that enables customers to access available excess shipping capacity from shipping and transportation companies at variable rates based on supply and demand.

 

  • Shipping prices in the SPOT market are determined by various factors, including current transportation demand and available supply.

  • SPOT is a useful option for companies that require immediate shipment and prefer not to wait for pre-booked shipping space.

 

  • This system allows companies to take advantage of transient opportunities and dispose of excess shipping capacity, thereby enhancing efficiency and reducing costs.

  • Some global shipping companies offer SPOT services widely, either through their own dedicated online platforms or through mobile applications. Customers can use these services to access immediate shipping opportunities and greater flexibility in meeting their logistics needs.

  • When is SPOT shipping used?


1. When there is a need for immediate shipment of goods or products.


2. When contract shipping rates are excessively high.


3. When there is a need to access a variety of logistical options.

  • What is the difference between SPOT shipping and contract shipping?


 1. Duration: SPOT shipping is typically short-term, while contract shipping is usually long-term.


 2. Pricing: SPOT shipping rates are determined based on current market factors, while contract shipping rates are pre-determined.


 3. Commitments: There are no pre-commitments for SPOT shipping, while there are pre-commitments for contract shipping.

  • What are the benefits of SPOT shipping?


1. Greater flexibility: Companies can use SPOT shipping to meet their variable logistics needs.


2. Lower prices: SPOT shipping rates can be lower than contract shipping rates in some cases.


3. Access to a variety of options: The SPOT market provides access to a diverse range of logistical options, including sea, air, and land transportation.

  • What are the drawbacks of SPOT shipping?


1. Uncertainty: SPOT shipping prices can fluctuate significantly, making it difficult to plan logistics expenses.


2. Shipping delay risks: It may be challenging to find available transport capacity immediately, which can lead to shipping delays.

Types of Shipping Lines

Types of shipping lines

Types of Shipping Lines :
Shipping lines are companies that provide maritime transportation services for goods and passengers across seas and oceans. The types of shipping lines vary based on several factors, including the company's maritime fleet, the routes it covers, and the transportation services it offers. 

Types of shipping lines based on the maritime fleet:

1. Container Lines: These lines specialize in transporting standardized containers that carry various goods. They own a large fleet of container ships of different sizes and capacities to efficiently and quickly transport goods.

2. Bulk Carrier Lines: These lines specialize in transporting bulk commodities such as coal, grains, and raw minerals. They are characterized by owning large and specialized ships designed specifically for transporting bulk cargo in large quantities.

3. Tanker Lines: These lines transport liquid cargo such as crude oil, petroleum products, and hazardous chemicals. They own a fleet of tankers and tank containers designed specifically for transporting flammable and hazardous liquids.

4. Coastal Lines: These lines specialize in transporting goods and passengers along coastal areas of specific regions. They own a fleet of small and medium-sized vessels used for transporting cargo and passengers between nearby ports.

Types of shipping lines based on size:

1. Global Lines: Global lines are among the largest shipping lines in terms of size. They cover international shipping routes and connect various ports around the world. These lines have a large fleet of ships and provide comprehensive shipping services for various goods and regions.

2. Regional Lines: Regional lines operate within a specific region or geographic area. They include commercial vessels that operate between nearby ports within a defined regional scope, such as coastal lines.

3. Coastal Lines: Coastal lines specialize in transporting goods between ports along the coastal areas of a specific region. These lines use small to medium-sized vessels and provide maritime transportation services between coastal cities and nearby ports.

4. Feeder Lines: Feeder lines are smaller counterparts of global lines. They provide maritime transportation services between regional ports, major ports, and logistics centers. These lines use medium-sized vessels and contribute to the distribution of goods to their final destinations.

5. Inland Lines: Inland lines specialize in transporting goods and passengers across inland waterways, such as rivers, canals, and lakes. These lines use vessels specifically designed for inland waterways and facilitate the delivery of goods between inland cities and ports.

6. Continental Lines: Continental lines offer maritime transportation services across seas and oceans for goods between different continents. These lines provide transcontinental shipping services and aim to efficiently connect goods over long maritime distances.

In terms of automation, shipping lines can be classified into the following types:

1. Traditional Lines: Traditional shipping lines employ conventional methods and manual processes in cargo management and maritime transportation. Key operations such as trip planning, loading and unloading, and inventory management are manually controlled. These lines primarily rely on human labor and manual interaction.

2. Semi-Automated Lines: Semi-automated shipping lines partially utilize automation techniques for some key operations. For example, automated loading and unloading systems can be used to facilitate cargo transfer in ports. Automated monitoring and surveillance technologies can also be employed to track vessel movements and manage schedules.

3. Fully Automated Lines: Fully automated shipping lines leverage modern technology to achieve complete automation of operations. These lines involve the use of robots and automated systems to execute all maritime operations, ranging from trip planning to loading, unloading, and monitoring. Analytical analysis and artificial intelligence are employed to enhance efficiency and decision-making.

4. Future Lines: Some anticipated future developments may lead to the emergence of shipping lines that heavily rely on technology and automation. For instance, unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) can be used to facilitate maritime cargo operations, and smart transportation networks can enable communication between ships, ports, and other devices.

Based on the transportation services they offer, shipping lines can be classified into the following types:

1. Cargo Lines: These lines provide maritime transportation services for various types of goods, including containerized cargo. They operate container ships and offer shipping services to companies, exporters, importers, and handle bulk cargo, general cargo, delivering goods from the departure port to the destination port across seas and oceans.

2. Bulk Lines: Bulk lines specialize in the transportation of bulk commodities such as coal, grains, and raw minerals. These lines provide shipping services for large shipments that are directly loaded and unloaded without the use of containers.

3. Multimodal Lines: Multimodal lines offer integrated transportation services using different modes of transport, including maritime, land, and air transport. These lines collaborate with shipping companies, land transportation providers, and air freight companies to provide comprehensive transport solutions.

4. Logistics Lines: Logistics lines provide integrated maritime transportation services along with other logistics services such as storage, distribution, and supply chain management. These lines aim to offer comprehensive logistics solutions for shipments and goods on a global scale.

5. Fast Lines: Fast lines specialize in expedited and time-sensitive maritime transportation services. They focus on delivering shipments within a short timeframe and employ fast vessels. These lines prioritize high-priority shipments and tight schedules.

 

Types of Shipping Lines :

Types of Terminals in Ports

 There are types of TERMINAL in ports

Types of Terminals in Ports :

There are several types of terminals in ports, each with different functions and purposes. Here are some common types of terminals in ports:

1. Container Terminal : Used for loading, unloading, storing, and reloading containers onto trucks or trains. These terminals are characterized by the presence of forklifts and giant container cranes (STS) used for handling containers.

2. Bulk Terminal : Used for loading and unloading bulk cargo such as coal, grains, and raw materials. There are special systems for transporting these goods to and from ships using conveyor belts or pipelines.

3. Cruise Terminal : Used for receiving cruise ships, unloading passengers, facilitating customs and immigration procedures, and providing necessary transportation for passengers to reach the city or tourist attractions.

4. Oil Terminal : Used for loading, unloading, storing, and transporting oil and its products from ships through pipelines to refineries or for export to other destinations.

5. LNG Terminal : Used for loading, unloading, and storing liquefied natural gas from ships and converting it to a gaseous state for distribution and use in local areas or for export.

6. Dry Bulk Terminal : Used for loading and unloading dry bulk cargo such as grains, cement, and solid minerals. Mechanical transportation systems like conveyor belts and elevators are used to transport goods to and from ships.

Here are some key functions of port terminals:

 

- Unloading goods from ships or other vessels.


- Loading goods onto ships or other vessels.


- Storing goods.


- Customs clearance of goods.

- Land or air transportation of goods.

Factors Affecting the Choice of Port Terminal Type :

When choosing the appropriate port terminal type, the following factors should be considered:


- Type of goods to be handled.
- Volume of goods to be handled.
- Expected traffic volume.
- Environmental factors.
- Economic factors.

What are the costs that a buyer may incur as a result of supplier errors?

Costs that the buyer may pay resulting from the supplier's errors

What are the costs that a buyer may incur as a result of supplier errors?

When a buyer deals with a supplier, there may be potential errors that lead to additional costs. Here are some costs that a buyer may incur as a result of supplier errors:

1. Cost of rebooking or replacement: If the containers are not compliant with the required specifications or standards, the buyer may have to rebook or replace them. This can be a costly and time-consuming process, potentially resulting in loss of profits and customers.

2. Legal costs: If supplier errors cause damage to the buyer, the buyer may have to file a lawsuit against the supplier. Legal proceedings can be expensive and lengthy, and it may not always be possible to fully compensate the buyer for all damages incurred.

3. Productivity loss costs: If supplier errors lead to process or production disruptions, the buyer may incur productivity losses. This can result in loss of profits and decreased customer satisfaction.

4. Financial losses: Supplier errors can lead to financial losses for the buyer, such as fines or compensations.

  •   Additional shipping charges: If there are shipping delays or goods are damaged, the buyer may have to pay additional shipping fees to cover the cost of re-shipping the goods.

  •   Additional storage fees: If there are shipping delays, the buyer may have to pay additional storage fees to cover the cost of storing the goods while awaiting re-shipping.

  Supplier errors related to containers can be a significant source of annoyance for buyers, as they can result in a variety of costs and problems.

  •  Here are some specific examples of supplier errors that can affect buyers:

- Delivery delays: If the supplier is unable to meet agreed-upon delivery schedules, the buyer may incur additional costs to postpone their production or operations.

These costs may include additional labor costs, rental costs, and costs associated with project delivery delays, as containers may be delivered late or unavailable ,this can result in operational disruptions or loss of profits.

- Communication and follow-up costs: If the supplier is ineffective in communication or unresponsive, the buyer may incur additional costs to follow up on orders and inquiries. These costs may include phone call expenses, email costs, and costs associated with personal visits.

- Trust and relationship costs: If supplier errors are frequent or severe, it can lead to a loss of trust between the buyer and the supplier and a deterioration of the business relationship. These costs may involve seeking alternative suppliers, the cost of rebuilding business relationships, and the loss of future business opportunities.

Buyers can take steps to mitigate the risks of supplier errors, such as:

- Conducting a comprehensive supplier assessment before entering into a contract.
- Clearly defining precise requirements in the contract.
- Regularly monitoring the supplier's performance.
- Having contingency plans in place in case of errors.

Can the buyer cancel the container reservation?

Can the buyer cancel the container reservation?
  • Can the buyer cancel the container reservation?

  • The buyer can cancel the container reservation under certain conditions, depending on the terms and conditions agreed upon between the buyer and the seller or shipping company. Before making any container reservation, the buyer must review the agreement or contract that specifies the terms and conditions related to the reservation.

 

  • If the buyer wishes to cancel the container reservation, they should contact the seller or shipping company as soon as possible and inform them of their intention to cancel the reservation. Cancellation fees or specific conditions may be applied according to the signed agreement, and the buyer may be subject to certain penalties if the reservation is canceled after a specified period of time.

 

  • Therefore, it is necessary for the buyer to have a clear understanding of the reservation terms before proceeding, and in case of doubt or ambiguity, it is recommended to consult with the seller or the relevant company to obtain necessary information and clarification regarding the cancellation of container reservations.

 

  • The buyer should review the agreement or contract that specifies the terms of container reservation. This contract is usually signed between the buyer and the seller or shipping company before making the reservation. It is important to note that there are usually fees associated with canceling the reservation, which depend on the remaining time before the arrival of the container.

 

 

  • Here are some reasons that may lead the buyer to want to cancel the container reservation :

  •  1-  Change in shipping or production plans.
    2- Unavailability of the product or materials at the specified time.
    3- Increase in shipping costs.
    4- Unexpected circumstances, such as bad weather or strikes.

  • If the buyer decides to cancel the container reservation, they should notify the supplier or shipping company as soon as possible. Cancellation fees are usually imposed based on a percentage of the container cost, which increases as the container's arrival date approaches.

  • Here are some tips to reduce the cost of canceling the reservation:

  •  1-  Make container reservations in advance, so you have more time to cancel the reservation if necessary.
    2- Negotiate flexible cancellation terms with the supplier or shipping company.
    3- Purchase shipping insurance, which may cover you in case of reservation cancellation.

  • It is also important to remember that canceling the container reservation may result in a delay in the arrival of the product or materials.

What can happen if low-quality containers are used for shipping?

What can happen if low-quality containers are used for shipping? 

What can happen if low-quality containers are used for shipping?

When goods are shipped using low-quality containers, several problems and challenges may arise. Here are some things that can happen if goods are shipped using low-quality containers:

1. Damage to the goods: If the containers are not sturdy or suffer from structural damage, the goods may be damaged during transportation. Cracks or breakages in the containers can lead to water leakage or environmental contamination, negatively affecting the safety and quality of the goods inside.

2. Delivery delays: If containers malfunction or get damaged during transit, it can result in delays and disruptions to the delivery schedule. Reorganizing the shipment and repairing the damaged containers require additional time, leading to delays in delivering the goods to the intended destination.

3. Financial loss: Low-quality containers can cause financial losses for the buyer or seller. For example, if the goods are damaged due to water leakage or contamination, the affected party will have to bear the costs of repair or replacement of the damaged goods.

4. Legal issues: The use of low-quality containers can lead to legal disputes between contracting parties. Legal issues that may arise include mutual accusations of responsibility for the damage, claims for financial compensation, loss of profits, and the costs of repair and replacement.

  • Here are some tips to avoid using low-quality containers:

- Inspect the container's condition before shipping: Carefully examine the containers for any defects before shipping. If any issues are found, they should be reported to the supplier or shipping company.


- Purchase containers from a reliable source: Buy containers from a reputable source that has a good reputation for supplying high-quality containers.


- Insure the shipment: Shipping insurance can help cover the costs associated with loss or damage to goods during shipping.

It is important to remember that shipping with low-quality containers can lead to serious problems, and necessary precautions should be taken to ensure the use of high-quality containers.

To avoid these issues, it is recommended to collaborate with reliable shipping companies and ensure the use of high-quality containers that meet international standards.

Some common types of containers and their uses are :

Find out what type of containers you need to ship your product
  • When planning the shipping process of your product, you should know the appropriate type of containers that you need to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the transport process.

  • Some common types of containers and their uses are :

  • Standard Shipping Containers: Also known as dry containers, they are the standard containers commonly used in sea and land shipping. They come in standard sizes such as 20 feet and 40 feet, and are used to ship a variety of products.

  • Collapsible Containers: Usually used in land shipping, they are similar to standard shipping containers, but they have a detachable base for easy loading and unloading by a forklift and feature the ability to fold and stack, saving empty storage space when not in use.

  • Refrigerated Containers: If the goods you want to ship require controlled temperature conditions such as fresh food or pharmaceutical products, you will need refrigerated containers. These containers provide low or specific temperatures and maintain temperature stability during the shipping process.

  • Open Top Containers: Open top containers are used when the goods are large in size, they have a removable cover to facilitate loading and unloading large-sized goods from the top, such as large appliances and equipment.

  • Flat Rack Containers: Flat rack containers are used for large-sized or unconventional-shaped goods. They feature foldable sides for easy loading and unloading.

  • Tank Containers: Tank containers are used to transport liquids and chemicals. They feature a special structure that allows for safe storage and transport of liquids.

  • Flatbed Containers: They have a flat platform without sides or roof. They are used to transport unpackaged goods that do not fit into conventional containers, such as large wires, pipes, and non-standard sized goods.

  • High Cube Containers: They resemble standard shipping containers, but they feature an extra height. They are used for goods that cannot fit into standard containers in terms of height, such as long goods or goods that need additional vertical space.

  • Open Side Containers: They have one or more sides that can be fully opened for easy access to the goods from the side. They are used for goods that require side access, such as glass panels, large boards, and products that require quick loading and unloading.

  • Empty Containers: They are used to transport empty containers after unloading the goods from them. These containers return to the ports and shipping stations for reuse in the upcoming shipments.​

  • Some tips that can help you choose the right container for transporting your product:

  • Determine the nature of the product: Start by identifying the characteristics of your product, such as size, weight, fragility, and environmental tolerance. You may need a refrigerated container for fresh products or a shock-resistant container for fragile products.

  • Measure the load: Estimate the size and weight of the shipment accurately.

        This will help you determine the appropriate container based on the capacity and maximum load of the container.

  • Shipping and unloading needs: Evaluate how to load and unload the goods and whether they can be loaded from the top or from the side.

        Do you need a top opening or an open container?

  • Destination and route: Make sure to know the shipping destination and the route that the goods will take. There may be special requirements for distant destinations or difficult geographic areas.

  • Environmental and storage conditions: If the goods require controlled environmental conditions such as low temperatures or high humidity, you will need a refrigerated container or a special container to control the environmental conditions.

  • Consult shipping experts: Collaborate with the shipping company or freight agent concerned to get more specialized advice. They have experience in shipping arrangements and can help you choose the right container and provide updated information on shipping laws and regulations.

  • What are the most common containers?

      In the shipping industry, standard shipping containers are the most common and used. The two most common sizes of standard containers are:

  • • 20-foot container: It is about 6.1 meters (20 feet) long and is suitable for small to medium shipping. It is widely used in the shipping industry to transport a variety of goods.

  • • 40-foot container: It is about 12.2 meters (40 feet) long and is the largest standard container available in general. It is used for shipping large goods and shipments with large volume.

 CRO ما هو

What is meant CRO:


- The abbreviation CRO refers to Container Release Order, which is a term used in the maritime, air, and land transportation industry.

- Container Release Order means the request for the release of goods and refers to the document or permit issued to the shipper or importer to allow them to obtain the shipped goods. CRO is usually delivered by the carrier or freight agent after receiving the shipment and settling all duties and fees associated with it.

- With CRO, the shipper or importer is able to enter the port or airport and obtain their own goods. CRO is an important document for controlling the movement of goods and facilitating the supply and delivery process.

The requirements for obtaining a Container Release Order (CRO) may vary between countries, ports, and different shipping companies.

 

Here are some common requirements that may be needed to obtain a CRO:

1. Shipment settlement: All fees, taxes, and duties related to the shipment must be settled before obtaining the CRO.
This may include payment of sea or air freight charges, customs fees, and other local or international taxes.

2. Submission of required documents: The shipper may be required to submit certain documents to obtain the CRO.
These documents may include the commercial invoice, packing list, certificate of origin, and other required shipping documents.

3. Shipment registration: Obtaining the CRO may require registering the shipment in the local customs system or in the designated port system. Accurate information about the shipment, such as weight, dimensions, customs value, importer, and exporter information, must be provided.

4. Signing agreements and contracts: The shipper or importer may need to sign agreements or contracts with the carrier or relevant freight agent to obtain the CRO and facilitate the shipping and delivery process.

The required documents to obtain a Container Release Order (CRO) may vary based on the requirements of the country, port, and shipp

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